SVALBARD'S NATURE IS INCREDIBLY DIVERSE AND BEAUTIFUL WITH ALL ITS SEEMING ARCTIC SOLITUDES. HERE, THERE ARE PEAKED MOUNTAINS (DUE TO WHICH, SVALBARD DERIVED ITS NAME FROM WILLEM BARENTSZ), WATERFALLS, CRYSTAL LAKES AND INNUMERABLE GLACIERS, A PART OF WHICH IS ACCESSIBLE ONLY IN SUMMER OR WINTER.THE ARCHIPELAGO'S FLORA IS POOR AND IT IS MOSTLY TUNDRA WITH RARE SPOTS OF DWARF BUSH TREES.
DESPITE THE HARSH CONDITIONS, ARCTIC FLORA HAS ADAPTED TO SURVIVE ON THIS TERRAIN AND IN THIS CONNECTION, IN SUMMER, IT IS POSSIBLE TO SEE AN ASTONISHING COMBINATION OF ROCKY SURFACES, THROUGH WHICH BRIGHT FLOWERS STRAIN TOWARDS THE LIGHT.
AMONG ALL MAMMALS, A POLAR BEAR, REINDEER AND ARCTIC FOX, AS WELL AS APPROXIMATELY 60 SPECIES OF BIRDS CAN BE MET ON THE ISLANDS. AT THE SAME TIME, THE BREEDING GROUNDS OF BIRDS ARE NORMALLY RICH SPOTS OF PLANTS.
CONVERSELY, THE WATERS AROUND SVALBARD ARE ONE OF THE MOST SUPERB FISHING GROUNDS IN THE REGION. AROUND 140 FISH SPECIES, AS WELL AS NUMEROUS MARINE MAMMALS, SUCH AS AN EARED SEAL, HARP SEAL AND CETACEANS OF ALL KINDS, AFFECT HERE.
There is a joke that the archipelago's human population is equal to the bear population. It is not so far from the truth.
The population of polar bears is actually equal to the human population of the island and is nearly 300 animals.
Besides bears, here, there are dozens of reindeer, Arctic foxes, marine animals and birds.
Glaciers and waterfalls
The loveliness of snowy peaks crawling and plummeting right in the sea of glaciers can be delighted in any part of the archipelago.
In summer, melting ices form waterfalls of fabulous beauty.Mighty water flows carve their way through glaciers and polish peaky ice blocks turning them into crystalline castles.
Mountains, fjords and Glory
Fjords admire their splendidness and mysterious mists carefully shroud the islands.
The archipelago's mountains are genuinely amazing. They seem to be like in wrinkles of hard fabric.On the seaside hills, there can be especially clearly seen wrinkled structures formed by layers of various rocks. In spring, in the mountains can be seen a so-called Brocken spectre and the most attractive optical phenomenon, a Glory. Meanwhile, in winter, there can be seen an aurora.
The polar bear is the true owner of Svalbard. This huge animal is very smart and really dangerous. Due to the fact that the number of this predator in the archipelago is large, and hunting for it is prohibited, it feels completely free outside the settlements.